See the clip here!
Monday, April 26, 2021
Thursday, April 22, 2021
What is truth?
People sometimes find this to be a mysterious, deep, and profound question.
And maybe it is!
But maybe it's not.
One way of understanding the question "What is truth?" is that it's just asking what it is for something—a claim, or statement, or belief—to be true.
When people find that question mysterious, that's usually because they are thinking about hard questions, like whether there's a God, or whether there's something everyone would need to do to make their life meaningful, or whether some controversial moral claims are true.
In short, they think of examples from philosophy classes where it's hard to know what the truth is and so conclude that truth is really hard to understand.
But to understand truth we are better off thinking about simpler examples: if we begin with simpler examples, we can then take what we understand back to the harder cases.
First, we should notice that the kinds of things that can be true (or not true, or false) are beliefs, or claims, or statements, or sentences: anything that can fit this type of blank: "I think that _________."
And, to understanding truth, these thoughts can be about mundane things, e.g.: I believe that:
- "It's not snowing today."
- "I have a stomach."
- "Raspberries are the best berry,"
- "The bass player on Dua Lipa's recordings is really good,"
- "They are a great band,"
- "Chocolate is so tasty,"
- "They are really attractive."
Saturday, April 17, 2021
Sunday, April 11, 2021
Many medical procedures are ethically similar to abortion — but without the outcry. Why?
By NATHAN NOBIS - JONATHAN DUDLEY
APRIL 11, 2021
Enabling more people to more productively engage the many ethical arguments about abortion won't, by itself, solve any social or political problems: no single strategy would. But ethics education is an essential part of any successful comprehensive strategy to ensure abortion rights and access, and so pro-choice advocates should engage in it. More generally, our political culture needs genuinely fair and balanced, honest and respectful engagement of arguments and truth-seeking: more people practicing this with the complex topic of abortion would help set a better intellectual and moral tone that would enable us all to better engage the many other polarizing issues that confront our society.
Here is an explanation of the argument, or one interpretation of the argument:
- Organ donation procedures and the treatment of anencephalic newborns are morally permissible.
- If organ donation procedures and the treatment of anencephalic newborns are morally permissible, then it’s permissible to end the lives of biologically human organisms without functioning, consciousness-making brains.
- If it’s permissible to end the lives of biologically human organisms without functioning, consciousness-making brains, then early abortions, of fetuses without functioning, consciousness-making brains are morally permissible.
- Therefore, early abortions, of fetuses without functioning, consciousness-making brains are morally permissible.
- Argue that organ donation procedures and the treatment of anencephalic newborns are not morally permissible, for whatever reason(s): e.g., these are human, these are human organisms, these are human beings; there is always some chance of recovery, etc.
- Argue that a different generalization, or none, at all, is suggested by the cases in (1). Explain why that's a better generalization to draw than what we propose.
- Identify a relevant difference such that (3) is false and justify the relevance of that difference: e.g., clearly, fetuses and the organ donation and anencephalic newborn cases are different: fetuses typically have a type of “potential” that the other cases don’t; fetuses, if “left alone,” so to speak will continue living, etc., but how is that relevant? Why would that make killing them wrong? Real, developed answers are needed, and the answer that “because they are human organisms” isn’t going to cut it, at least not for those who accept (1).
Why the case against abortion is weak, ethically speaking https://t.co/pYKl7bCrfq— Salon (@Salon) April 11, 2021
Colin McGinn has a short essay on reparations. I wanted to repost it here in case it disappears off his page. I also wanted to add more paragraph breaks. See below: