Wednesday, April 01, 2020

Videos on Ethics and Animal Research

After listening to, viewing, and studying the materials on this page, you will be able to do the following:
  • Describe some basic critical thinking and argument analysis concepts useful for evaluating arguments about animal research;
  • Describe some of the scientific controversies about the value and disvalue of animal research;
  • State and explain some of the most common arguments in defense of animal research, as well as common critiques of these arguments;
  • State and explain some of the most common arguments against animal research, as well as common critiques of these arguments;


Nobis's overall argument or general claim is that:

1. humans are animals and so experimentation on animals and humans is equally wrong.
2. animals have rights since they are alive and so animal experimentation violates their rights and is wrong.
3. we should always do what produces the greatest overall happiness and so not perform animal experimentation since it causes a lot of unhappiness.
4. the reasons why harmful, non-consenting human experimentation is wrong apply to many animals and so harmful, non-consenting animal experimentation is wrong for similar reasons that this type of human experimentation would be wrong.


Nobis argues that these issues can be distracting to the question of whether animal research is morally justified or not:
1. Whether animals have rights and are as important as humans.
2. Whether animals are equal to human beings.
3. What animal activists do.
4. All the above.

Answer: 4:

Nobis argues that the argument that "animal research is justified because it benefits humans" because it:
1. Does not consider how humans might be harmed, directly or indirectly, from animal research.
2. Does not consider the amount that animals are harmed by animal research.
3. The argument assumes that animals don't have moral rights that makes harming them wrong, even if there are benefits.
4. All the above.

Answer: 4: 
Nobis argues this about the argument that "animal research is justified because it's necessary for medical progress" is unsound because:
1. There really would be no medical progress, of any kind, without animal research.
2. Animal research has been scientifically proven to be the most beneficial method of research.
3. There are many ways to produce benefits for humans, including medical benefits, that don't rely on animals.
4. No animal research of any kind could ever produce any benefits for human beings.

Answer: 3: 

Based on:

The harmful, nontherapeutic use of animals in research is morally wrong.
Am J Med Sci. 2011 Oct;342(4):297-304. doi: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e3182299421

No comments:

Post a Comment