David Benatar, ed.
McGraw Hill, 2002
Telling lies, gossiping, practicing adultery, gambling, smoking, using offensive language, corporal punishment of one’s children, copying copyrighted material – these are moral issues that affect, and often deeply affect, our daily lives. Everyday Ethics is a collection of readings devoted to ethical problems like these that confront ordinary people in everyday life. The anthology covers the areas of communication, sex, parents and children, animals, money matters, and body and environment. Nearly all selections are from the late 1980s and the 1990s.
Part 1: COMMUNICATION
Chapter 1: Humour
Michael Philips, “Racist Acts and Racist Humor” in Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Vol 14, No. 1, March 1984, pp 75-96.
Ronald de Sousa, “When is it wrong to Laugh?”, in John Morreall (ed.), The Philosophy of Laughter and Humor, State University of New York Press, Albany, 1987, pp 226-249.
David Benatar, “Prejudice in Jest: When Racial and Gender Humour Harms” in Public Affairs Quarterly, Vol 13, No. 2, April 1999, pp 191-203.
Chapter 2: Sexist speech
Janice Moulton, “The Myth of the Neutral ‘Man’” in Sexist Language: A Modern Philosophical
Analysis, Mary Vetterling-Braggin (ed), Littlefield, Adams & Co, 1981, pp. 100-115.
Casey Miller & Kate Swift, “Who is Man?”, chapter 2 in Words and Women, Harper Collins, New York, 1991, pp 21-42.
Michael Levin, “Language”, chapter 12 in Feminism and Freedom, Transaction Books, New Brunswick USA, 1988, pp 250-263.
Chapter 3: Gossip
Laurence Thomas, “The Logic of Gossip” in Good Gossip, Robert F. Goodman & Aaron Ben- Ze’ev (eds.), University Press of Kansas, Lawrence KA, 1994, pp 47-55.
Sissela Bok, “Gossip”, Chapter 7 of Secrets, Vintage Books, New York, 1984, 89-101.
Ronald de Sousa, “In Praise of Gossip: Indiscretion as a Saintly Virtue” in Good Gossip, Robert F. Goodman & Aaron Ben-Ze’ev (eds.), University Press of Kansas, Lawrence KA, 1994, 25-33.
Chapter 4: Lying
Immanuel Kant, “On A Supposed Right to Lie from Altruistic Motives” in Critique of Practical Reason and other Writings in Moral Philosophy, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1949, pp 346-349.
Sissela Bok, Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life, Harvester Press, Hassocks Sussex, 1978, pp 18-20, 38-42, 48-52, 57-61.
Thomas E. Hill Jr., “Autonomy and Benevolent Lies”, Journal of Value Inquiry, Vol. 18, 1984, (extracts) pp. 251-254, 260-267.
Part 2: SEX
Chapter 5: Premarital Sex, Promiscuity, and Masturbation
Vincent C. Punzo, “Morality and Human Sexuality” in Thomas A. Mappes & Jane S. Zembaty, Social Ethics: Morality and Social Policy (Fourth Edition), McGraw Hill, New York, 1992, pp 217-222.
Frederick Elliston, “In Defense of Promiscuity” in Robert B. Baker, Kathleen J. Wininger & Frederick A. Elliston (Eds.), Philosophy and Sex (Third Edition), Amherst NY: Prometheus Books, 1998, pp 73-90.
Alan Soble, “Masturbation” in Alan Soble (Ed.), The Philosophy of Sex (Third Edition), Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham MD, 1997, pp 67-85.
Chapter 6: Adultery
Richard Wasserstrom, “Is Adultery Immoral?” in Richard Wasserstrom (ed.), Today’s Moral Problems (2nd Edition), Macmillan, New York, 1979, pp 288-300.
Mike W. Martin, “Adultery and Fidelity” in Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol 25, No. 3.,
Winter 1994, pp 76-91.
Raja Halwani, “Virtue Ethics and Adultery” in Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol 29, No 3,
Winter 1998-9, pp?.
Chapter 7: Homosexuality
Michael Levin, “Why Homosexuality is Abnormal”, The Monist, 67:2, 1984, extracts.
Burton M. Leiser, “Homosexuality, Morals and the Law of Nature” in Ethics in Practice, Hugh LaFollette (ed.), Blackwells, Oxford, 1997, pp242-253.
Part 3: PARENTS AND CHILDREN
Chapter 8: Rearing Children
Francis Schrag, “The Child in the Moral Order” in Philosophy, 52, 1977, pp 167-177.
Laura Purdy, In Their Best Interest?: The Case Against Equal Rights For Children, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992, pp 30-37, 100-107.
David Benatar, “Corporal Punishment” in Social Theory and Practice, Vol 24, No 2, Summer 1998, pp 237-260.
Chapter 9: Familial and Filial Duties
James Rachels, “Morality, Parents and Children” in George Graham and Hugh LaFollette, Person to Person, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989, pp 46-62.
Jane English, “What do grown children owe their parents?” in Onora O’Neill & William Ruddick (eds.) Having Children, Oxford University Press, New York, 1979, pp 351-6.
Christina Hoff Sommers, “Filial Morality” in Journal of Philosophy, Vol LXXXIII No 8,
August 1986, pp 439-456.
Part 4: ANIMALS
Chapter 10: Eating meat and wearing leather
Peter Singer, “All Animals are Equal” in Animal Liberation, Avon Books, New York:
1990, pp 1-23.
Tom Regan, “The Case for Animal Rights” in Peter Singer (Ed.), In Defense of Animals, New York: Harper & Row, 1985, pp 15-26.
R.G. Frey, “Rights, Interests, Desires and Beliefs” in American Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 16 No 3 July 1979, pp 233-239.
Jan Narveson, “A Defense of Meat Eating” in Tom Regan & Peter Singer (Eds.), Animal Rights and Human Obligations (Second Edition), Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1989, pp 192-195.
Jordan Curnutt, “A New Argument for Vegetarianism” in Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol. 28,
No. 3, Winter 1997, pp 153-72.
Chapter 11: Pets
Keith Burgess-Jackson, “Doing Right by our Animal Companions”, The Journal of Ethics, Vol.
2, 1998, p. 159-185,
Gary Varner, “Pets, Companion Animals, and Domesticated Partners”. [New paper.]
Part 5: MONEY MATTERS
Chapter 12: Copyright violation
Helen Nissenbaum, “Should I copy my neighbour’s software?”, Deborah G Johnson & Helen Nissenbaum (Eds.), Computers, Ethics and Social Values, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River NJ, 1995, pp 201-213.
David Carey, “Should Millie Copy?” [New paper.]
Chapter 13: Giving aid
Peter Singer, “Rich and Poor”, Practical Ethics (Second Edition), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 218-246.
John Arthur, “Famine Relief and the Ideal Moral Code”. [Paper contributed by author, but not
John M Whelan Jr, “Famine and Charity” in The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Vol 29, No 1, 1991, pp 149-166.
Garrett Cullity, “The Life-Saving Analogy” in William Aiken and Hugh LaFollette (eds.), World Hunger and Morality (Second Edition), Upper Saddle River NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1996, pp 51-69.
Chapter 14: Gambling
Peter Collins, “Is Gambling Immoral?” [New paper]
Jeffrie G. Murphy, “Indian Casinos and the Morality of Gambling”, Public Affairs Quarterly, Vol 12, No 1, January 1998, pp 119-136.
Chapter 15: Tipping
Mark P. Maller, “The Morality of Tipping” in Public Affairs Quarterly, Vol 7 No 3, July 1993. pp231-239.
Part 6: BODY AND ENVIRONMENT
Chapter 16: Substance and Sustenance
Keith Butler, “The Moral Status of Smoking” in Social Theory and Practice, Vol. 19. No. 1,
Spring 1993, pp 1-20.
Tibor Machan, “Morality and Smoking” [New paper]
Dan W. Brock, “The Use of Drugs for Pleasure: Some Philosophical Issues” in Thomas H. Murray, Willard Gaylin & Ruth Macklin, Feeling Good, Doing Better, Clifton, NJ: Humana Press, 1984, pp 83-106.
Elizabeth Tefler, “The Pleasures of Eating and Drinking” in Dudley Knowles and John Skorupski, Virtue and Taste: Essays on Politics, Ethics and Aesthetics, Oxford: Blackwell, 1993, pp. 98-110.
Chapter 17: The Environment, Cars and Consumption
James C. Anderson & Ronald Sandler, “The Least We Can Do” [New paper].
Julia Meaton & David Morrice, “Individual Freedom and the Ethics of Private Car Use” [Paper
revised for this anthology.]
Judith Lichtenberg, “Consuming Because Others Consume”, Social Theory and Practice, Vol.
22, No. 3, Fall 1996, pp. 273-297.
Part 7: VIRTUES AND VICES
Chapter 18: Forgiveness
Jeffrie Murphy, “Forgiveness, Reconciliation, and Responding to Evil: A Philosophical Overview” (selections), in Fordham Urban Law Journal (forthcoming).
Norvin Richards, “Forgiveness”, Ethics, 99, October 1988, pp 77-93.
Paul M. Hughes, “Moral Anger, Forgiving, and Condoning” in Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol 25, No. 1, Spring 1995, pp 103-118.
Chapter 19: Modesty
Julia Driver, “Modesty and Ignorance” in Ethics, 109, July 1999, pp 827-834.
G.F. Scheuler, “Why IS Modesty a Virtue?” in Ethics, 109, July 1999, pp 835-841.
Chapter 20: Politeness
Felicia Ackerman, “A Man by Nothing is so well Betrayed as by his Manners? Politeness as a Virtue”, Midwest Studies in Philosophy, XIII, 1988, pp 250-258.
Sarah Buss, “Appearing Respectful: The Moral Significance of Manners” in Ethics, 109, July 1999, (extracts: pp 795-809).
Chapter 21: Gratitude
Fred R. Berger, “Gratitude” in Ethics, Vol. 85, 1975, pp 298-309.
Patrick Fitzgerald, “Gratitude and Justice” in Ethics, 109, October 1998, (extracts) pp 119-137.
Chapter 22: Jealousy and Envy
Immanuel Kant, “Jealousy and its offspring - envy and grudge”, Lectures on Ethics, (Translated by Louis Infield), London: Methuen, 1930, pp 215-223.
Daniel Farrell, “Of Jealousy and Envy” in George Graham & Hugh LaFollette (Eds.), Person to Person, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1989, pp 245-268.